January 22, 2019
By: PathSOS Team

Oral Cancer- PathSOS

Oral cancer is the third most common form of cancer in India. Oral cancer is a part of group of cancers called head and neck cancers. It may arise as a primary lesion originating in any of the tissues in the mouth or by extension from a neighbouring anatomic structure. About 90% of oral cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, originating in the tissues that line the mouth and lip.

Signs and symptoms: 
In the early stages: swelling, lumps, rough spots or eroded areas on lips, gums or other areas of the mouth are seen. There may be persistent red or white patches in the mouth or a non-healing ulcer. A sudden tooth mobility or tooth pain without apparent cause can be seen. Unusual bleeding in the mouth may be seen. 
In the later stages there might be hoarseness or change in voice, chronic throat pain. There might be unexplained numbness or pain in areas of the face, mouth and neck. The patient might experience difficulty in chewing or swallowing, speaking or moving the jaw. An unusual lump in the neck might be seen. 
Risk factors for development of oral cancer: 
Tobacco in any form is the major cause for development of oral cancer. Recent studies have shown human papillomavirus(HPV) and the genetic mutation of a protein in DNA to be the cause. 
An examination of the mouth by the heath care provider or dentist can be helpful for the initial detection of any abnormality. The doctor can order some special investigations such as tissue biopsy, chest X-rays, CT or MRI scans. There is a recent advancement of fluorescence imaging technique to detect cancer. 
Surgical excision of the tumour is recommended if the tumour is small. Radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy is often used in conjunction with surgery. Recently, there is development of molecular targeted therapy which potentially decrease the overall toxicity. Research is going on new chemotherapy techniques such as intra arterial chemotherapy ( injection of drugs in arteries feeding the cancer) and intralesional chemotherapy (injection of the drug directly into the tumour). Gene therapy to interfere with growth stimulating factors are being developed recently. 
How PathSOS can help:
Any diagnosis of cancer deserves a second opinion. We at PathSOS have a dedicated team of specialist doctors from around the world to give proper second opinion. We have the resources, technology and expertise to accurately evaluate the diagnosis or the treatment and guide the patient on the right track. PathSOS experts review your diagnostic tests and medical records and give a comprehensive medical second opinion service at your home. 

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