Comprehensive Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment Review by World's Top Cancer Specialists

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Best Cancer Expert's Opinion

Highly experienced panel of cancer specialists from world's best centers

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We will connect you with the best specialist to review your treatment plan

Accurate Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Plan

Our team will support you to get correct diagnosis and right therapy plan

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Get your case and reports view by right specialist from your home

Independent & Unbiased Online Cancer Consultation & Opinion Service

International Expertise

Accurate Diagnosis

Expert Treatment Review

10k+ cases solved by Our panelists

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PathSOS Helping you at Every Stage of your Treatment

PathSOS Helping you at Every Stage of your Treatment

  • You have a suspicion of Cancer due to symptoms or ill health
  • You are a newly diagnosed patient
  • You are undergoing treatment for Cancer
  • You are not sure about diagnosis or ongoing treatment
  • Your treatment has finished and the outcome is not satisfactory

PathSOS Offerings

Virtual Tumor Board

Online Consultation

Leading Cancer centers around the world use multidisciplinary approach to select cancer treatment. This requires specialists to have extensive training & expertise that may not be available in every hospital, especially in India & surrounding countries.

Complete Diagnosis Review

Complete Diagnosis Review

We specialize in cancer diagnosis utilizing the most advanced procedures and technology including immunohistochemistry, slide review, genomic analysis, biopsy review, and FISH reporting.

Comprehensive Treatment Review

Our selected panel of oncology experts & cancer doctors with decades of experience from India and abroad will review your case in a comprehensive manner and provide you an experts review consultation report and recommendations which will ensure best treatment.

Comprehensive Treatment Review

Digital Pathology

We offer diagnosis services through our digital pathology that connects you with the best experts from around the world to offer you state of the art opinion at the click of a button and help to improve the overall quality.

Digital Pathology
Our Specialties

Our Specialties

We provide sub-specialist oncology review on all major cancers including lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, women's cancer, male's cancer, brain tumors, GI cancers, blood cancer, head & neck cancers etc. In today's day & age, cancer care has become a highly specialized branch & PathSOS brings to you the best oncologist.

Advanced Interpretation

Advanced Interpretation

We have some of India's and international top diagnostic experts that give 100% confidence to you and your doctor about the accuracy of your diagnosis. Sometimes our experts perform and advice test that may have not been done earlier or have been misinterpreted.

Why is it worth getting a Cancer Consultation with PathSOS ?

Why is it worth getting a Second Opinion with PathSOS

Accurate Cancer Diagnosis can Impact Outcomes


"As is the pathology, so is our Medicine" words of the famous physician William Osier. At PathSOS, we share your concern if you or your patient has been diagnosed with cancer and we understand that correct diagnosis is the first vital step towards appropriate treatment selection & prognostication. We support our doctors and specialists with an excellent and high-quality diagnostic service so that we can together improve clinical outcomes. Our commitment is diagnostic care of your patient and a comprehensive treatment modalities.

International Quality & Associations


PathSOS is led by international experts who have extensive international experience in Australia and North America & the best hospitals from India. Our quality is of International Standards and you can be assured that you are getting a trustworthy consultation. Our expert would be happy to discuss your case with you, on phone or email. Our Experts are RCPA certified and our service follows quality assurance program of RCPAQP. At PathSOS, our goal is to support and complement your efforts towards patient care.

Virtual Tumor Board and its advantage


Medical decisions are complex and require a multi disciplinary approach. We partner with oncologists, hospitals, oncosurgeon and empanel them in our experts team so that our patients can have complete confidence through a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment review. Through our Integrated Diagnostics we harness the power of the multidisciplinary convergence happening now in diagnostic, prognostic, genomic and theranostic medicine to give you and your patients most comprehensive, advanced and clinically relevant diagnostic interpretations.


Dr. Abha Malik

FRCPA (Australia) , FCAP (USA)
20 years of experience
Diagnostic oncologist

Dr. Nabeel Al Shafai

FRCS (Canada)
20 years of experience
Cancer neurosurgeon

Dr. Hamza Mujagic

MD, Phd ( USA )
30 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. S Tan

FRCP (Australia)
21 years of experience
Rehab specialist

Dr. A. Muljano

FRCPA (Australia)
15 years of experience
Hemato pathologist

Dr. Tejinder Kataria

MBBS, MD, DNB, CCST
31 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

MBBS , M.S
35 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Karam Chand Sharma

MBBS, MS, Mch
35 years of experience
Onco neurosurgeon

Dr. Sudhir Chadha

MS, Diploma Urology
32 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Shyam agarwal

MBBS, MD, MEDICINE
30 years of experience
Hemato pathologist

Dr. Ajay Sharma

MBBS, MD
30 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Puneet Gupta

MBBS, MD, DNB, DM
22 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Niranjan Naik

MS, ONCO SURGERY ( IRCH,AIIMS)
21 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Vinay S. Gaikwad

MBBS, MS, FMAS, FIAGES
20 years of experience
Head and surgical oncologist

Dr. Nitin Sood

MD, DNB, MRCP(UK)
20 years of experience
Hemato pathologist

Dr. Surendra Kumar Dabas

MBBS, MS, DNB, Robotic Surgeon
20 years of experience
Head and neck onco surgeon

Dr. Jayesh Sharma

MBBS, MS
19 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Shravana Chinnikatti

MBBS, MD, SR AIIMS New Delhi
18 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Rakesh koul

MS, DNB
17 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Chandragouda Dodagoudar

MD, DNB, ECMO
15 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Sameer Khatri

MBBS, MD, DNB
15 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Rayaz Ahmad

MD, DM
15 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Ramdeep Singh Jaggi

MBBS, MS, M.Ch Neurosurgery
14 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Ashok S. komaranchath

MBBS, MD, DM, MRCP, ECMO
14 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Shyam Bisht

M.D (Radio Onco)
13 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. R.K. Choudhary

MBBS, MD, DNB
13 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Piyush Agrawal

MS, MCH
11 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Jitendra Kumar Nangal

MBBS, MS, Surgical Oncology
11 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Mala. G

FRCPA (Australia)
10 years of experience
Cancer pathologist

Dr. Baghmar Saphalta

DM Medical Oncology
10 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Randeep Singh

FCCP, MD/DM, ECMO, Med Onco
10 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Madhur Kumar

MBBS, MD
10 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Faiz Akram Ansari

Radiation Oncologist
9 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Mansi Chowhan

MBBS, MS
7 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Alok Tiwari

MBBS, MS, DNB SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, FMAS, FALS
6 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Rahul Naithani

MD, DM
18 years of experience
Hemato pathologist

Dr. Balasubramanian

M.Ch. , MRCS, MS, MBBS
12 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. R ManjuNath HariPrasad

M.B.B.S, MD, P.hd, D.GO
20 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Amitabh Ray

MBBS, MD, DNB, ECNO
11 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Sandeep Nayak

MBBS, MRCS, DNB (Surgical Oncology)
20 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Pawan Kumar Singh

MD, DM (Hematology- AIIMS)
11 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Pratap Das

MD, D.M Medical Oncology AIIMS
27 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Manu Bora

MBBS, MS
11 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Sanket Shah

MCH, MS, MBBS
8 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Tarun Batra

MCh. (Surgical Oncology)
6 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Kaushal Yadav

MBBS, MS, MCH
7 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Prasad kasbekar

MBBS, MS, MCh.
7 years of experience
Oncologist

Dr. Suvadip Chakrabarti

MBBS,MS,M.ch
10 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Kunal Sharma

MBBS, DNB
8 years of experience
Onco pathologist

Dr. Pooja Khullar

MBBS, DNB
10 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Mario Busetto

MD
39 years of experience
Radiation Oncologist

Dr. Sadaf Alipour

MD, Oncologic Surgery fellowship (Iran)
21 years of experience
Onco surgeon

Dr. Govind Babu

MBBS, MD, DM
33 years of experience
Oncologist
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Common Cancers we can help you with..

PathSOS Media

What is PATHSOS ?
PATHSOS is a specialist cancer second opinion service specializing in diagnosis and biopsy review. Since PATHSOS is independent medical practice exclusively devoted to the care of cancer patients and we are not affiliated to any hospital, we give unbiased opinion. We bring highly trained oncologists and supportive services to local communities, so cancer patients no longer need to travel long distances to receive today's best available cancer care. For more information about PATHSOS , click here
What causes cancer?
Cancer cells develop because of damage to DNA, a substance in every cell that directs all activity of the cell. Usually when DNA becomes faulty, the body is able to repair it; however, some times it is not repaired and the cell becomes abnormal. Scientists are working to better understand what causes DNA to become damaged. I hereditary forms of cancer, people inherit damaged DNA, which accounts for inherited cancers.
More often, though, cancer is caused by exposure to carcinogenic substances present in environmental (UV rays, pollution) or individual behaviors such as smoking.
What are the signs and symptoms of cancer?
The signs and symptoms vary depending on the specific kind of cancer, but there are some general signs and symptoms that may indicate a need for testing. These include fatigue, a sore that does not heal, nagging cough, pain, unexplained weight loss, fever and changes on the skin. Although there could be other reasons for these signs and symptoms, anyone experiencing these should consult their physician.

Stats prove that Second Opinion can Impact Cancer Care

45%

A study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings last year also found between 45% of second opinions spurred a major change in diagnosis or treatment. Patients generally believed that second opinions are valuable and life altering decision.

35%

Another study published in the American Journal of Medicine found that about 35% of people choose to get second opinions after they received a diagnosis in order to identify information that may have been missed or misinterpreted during the initial diagnosis.

15%

Experts estimate that diagnostic errors happen in 10% to 15% of cases, even in the US. The figure may be higher in countries like India where quality and accreditations are not mandatory and thus causing incorrect treatment.

Patients Testimonials

PathSOS Cancer information Hub

Accurate knowledge about Cancer ensures better decisions & outcome

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World Health Organisation Cancer Control Program

World Health Organization policy towards cancer control and treatment   The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. WHO was built on 7 April 1948, and is housed in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Assembly. The WHO is currently working with 194 member states across 6 regions. WHO helps mothers and children live and prosper so they can look up to a healthy old age. They safeguard the safety of the air people breathe, the food they eat, the water they drink and the medicines and vaccines they need. The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 22 July 1946. Each year, the organization marks World Health Day and other observances focusing on a specific health promotion topic. World Health Day falls on 7 April each year, timed to match the anniversary of WHO's founding. The World Health Organization's primary objective in natural and man-made emergencies is to coordinate with member states and other stakeholders to "reduce avoidable loss of life and the burden of disease and disability. As of 2012, the WHO has defined its role in public health as: Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed Shaping the research agenda and motivating the generation, translation, and propagation of respected knowledge Setting ethics and promoting and monitoring their operation Articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options Providing technical support, catalyzing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity Nursing the health situation and evaluating health trends. CRVS (Civil Registration and Vital Statistics)to provide monitoring of vital events (birth, death, wedding, divorce). Health policy WHO addresses government health policy with two aims: firstly, "to address the underlying social and economic determinants of health through policies and programs that enhance health equity and integrate pro-poor, gender-responsive, and human rights-based approaches" and secondly "to promote a healthier environment, intensify primary prevention and influence public policies in all sectors so as to address the root causes of environmental threats to health. In terms of health services, WHO looks to improve "governance, financing, staffing and management" and the availability and quality of evidence and research to guide policy. It also strives to "ensure improved access, quality and use of medical products and technologies. Policies, approaches, and action plans for health tools, specifically for medical devices, are required in any national health plan. Within the context of a vigorous health system they ensure entree to safe, effective, and high-quality medical devices that avert, diagnose, and treat disease and injury, and support patients in their rehabilitation. WHO has developed a guidance document whose purpose it is to raise the awareness of the importance of developing and implementing health technology policies – comprised of regulatory, health technology management, and health technology assessment components – within the context of a national health plan. It addresses the role of medical devices in global health care and the prioritization of needs within Member States and discusses the key components of an effective policy, the organizational systems necessary for implementation of the policy, and the methodology for measuring progress. The World Health Assembly, WHO's supreme decision-making body, gathers annually at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. During this multi-day meeting, resolutions on key health issues are adopted to urge Member States and to request the WHO Director General undertake particular actions related to key health issues.                            Cancer control Each year, more than 300 000 women die of cervical cancer. More than half a million women are analyzed. Every minute, one woman is diagnosed. Cervical cancer is one of the greatest threats to women's health. Each death is a tragedy, and can be prevented. Maximum of these women are not analyzed early enough, and lack entree to life-saving treatment. Studies have shown that stoppage and initial treatment of cervical cancer is also highly cost-effective. Nine in 10 women who die from cervical cancer are in deprived countries. This means some of the most exposed women in our world are dying needlessly. Rising cervical cancer deaths is undermining health gains for women made in maternal health and HIV care. Current disparity in survival from cervical cancer, which varies between 33-77%, can be minimized.   Cervical cancer is one of the most avoidable and curable forms of cancer, as long as it is sensed early and treated successfully. New diagnoses can be reduced in two ways, HPV vaccination and screening of the cervix with follow on treatment of primary changes before cancer appears. Currently, most women diagnosed with cervical cancer are diagnosed with advanced cancers, where chances for cure is small. WHO is accelerating progress. WHO is working to ensure that all girls worldwide are vaccinated against HPV and that every woman over 30 is screened and treated for pre-cancerous wounds. To achieve that, innovative technologies and strategies are need. WHO is working to improve access to diagnosis and treatment of invasive cancers at their earliest stages and ensure that availability of palliative care for women who need it.                  Cancer Prevention In order to combat the global epidemic of cancer and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), it is imperative to create a baseline for monitoring trends and to assess the progress of countries in addressing the epidemic. The aim of the WHO Global Cancer Country Profiles is to synthesize, the global status of cancer prevention and control. Cancer treatment requires careful attention of evidence-based options, which can include more than one of the major therapeutic modalities: surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy. The assortment should be based on evidence of the best prevailing treatment given the means available. Every cancer treatments can exert a significant psychosocial and financial impact on a patient and his or her family that should be considered when developing fundamentals to advance access to and coverage of cancer amenities.                   

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Recent advances in cancer treatment

RECENT ADVANCES IN CANCER TREATMENT Over the years, cancer treatment has gained huge importance and support from scholars and researchers. In the past decade radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy, stem cell transplant have become popular in the cancer scene next to surgery and prevention. With time, even diseases get intelligent and the treatments that are found out must get equally intelligent and in certain cases much better to tackle the global rise of increase in drug resistance. This is true especially in cancer where once the cancer cells start to proliferate and when the drugs prove ineffective, it does not end well for the patients. Under targeted therapy, treatments are provided based on the mutation profile of the cancer rather than the tumor type. Organoids are a new trend in cancer treatment. A three-dimensional model of patient’s cancer area is scanned and built and is used for further testing with various methods of treatments to find the drug sensitivity without actually having to use the drugs on the patients’ real organs, although the drug sensitivity changes with patient. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy is one which sounds most complex and more effective. Here, the T-cells are extracted from patient’s body and strengthen them up by adding proteins and infuse them back into the body. Thus, by sending the newly protein infused cells back in the blood, the new cells multiply and there will be no need for repeated infusions for a long while as one time infusions have long lasting positive effect. Dendritic vaccines are coming up with the mechanism where the body’s immune system is highly strengthened by injecting specific antigens that target the tumor cells. Scientists in North Carolina University have found a Bio-responsive Scaffold System where chemotherapy and immunotherapy are used to heighten the effect of antigens which are sent in specialized gel-like substance in the injector and targeted only at the tumor cells. In the age where viruses and bacteria develop resistance to drugs, targeted drugs prove to be effective in treatments. By targeting only the tumor cells, the healthy cells are left unaffected and the cell count of the patient also stays in a safe zone. Targeted treatments involve nanotechnology to work on the cancerous cells with the use of heat, radiation, nanoparticles like CRLX101. Researchers at the University of Georgia found IPA-3, a nanoparticle which appears to reduce the growth of prostate cancer. Yet another case study is where researches are using nano-diamonds with a combination of chemotherapy to treat brain tumors more effectively. In heat therapy, special nanoparticles called AuroShells absorb infrared light from a laser, turning the light into heat. This heat then helps burst the cancer cells away as studied in a case of breast cancer. In radiation therapy the nanoparticles carry a radioactive core which attach to cancer cells. Researches are also working on using bismuth nano particles to increase the effectiveness by increasing the dose of radiation. Other methods include starving the cancer cells, using polymer nanoshell to deliver protein to cancer cells which helps in self-destruction of cancerous cells by accumulating in their nucleus. In the University of San Diego researchers have worked on short interfering RNAs (siRNA) is a promising method as it completely stops the growth of cancer cells. Use of nano-gold has shown good results in delivering platinum particles to the tumor site and working on the cancer. With such impetus in the growth in cancer research and different approaches for different types of cancer, progress is fruitful and there is hope for more cancer treatments due to technological advancements that are yet to be discovered.

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New Evidence based causative factors of cancer

NEW EVIDENCE BASED CAUSATIVE FACTORS OF CANCER Cancer, at its core, is an abnormal growth of cells with genetic structure slightly different from their healthier counterpart- the normal cells. Cancer cells have different set of instructions in their DNA as opposed to the instructions in the healthy cells which come in the way of normal bodily functions and end up in a situation where there is tumor growth inside the body, on the skin and in vital organs. The factors that lead to this uncontrolled proliferation of cells with defective instructions is due to a variety of causes all taking root in the genetic level. Genetics plays a major role when it comes to cancer causing factors. Although a person with cancer in their family may inherit the cancer gene, it does not confirm any possibility that the person may acquire the disease as there are more than one genetic factors that actually lead to it. It requires the person to inherit one or more genetically mutated genes for the onslaught of cancer. Most of the hereditary cancers, as the term implies, run in the family and show up early on in the person’s life. Two main hereditary cancers are breast cancer and colorectal cancer. Natural hormones, estrogen and progesterone have been known to cause breast cancer in women with long term exposure. While some are born with genetic mutations strong enough to lead them to cancer, others acquire it due to, as The American Society Of Cancer states, factors like smoking, obesity, radiation exposure, viruses, asbestos, infections like HPV and infections that lead to stomach cancer due to pathogens like Helicobacter pylori, carcinogens, hormones, drugs, alcohol consumption, chronic inflammation in the body and even lack of exercise. The strongest known risk factor of gastric cancer, the second leading cause to cancer-related death, is H.pylori which upon entering the host, stays within for lifetime. The H.pylori has co-existed within the human body for tens of thousands of years and has developed adaptation in most acidic conditioned prevalent in the stomach. Recent studies have shown that anti-H.pyroli therapy is effective for gastric cancer prevention as long term carriage of the bacterium proves to be causative of gastric cancer and lymphoma. Lifestyle factors take up a high proportion of cancer causes and the evidence provided by the New South Wales Government shows that chronic drinking of alcohol is the reason to 2.8% of all estimated cancer causes in New South Wales and that smoking causes lung cancer in 90% of men and 65 %of women. Diets which lack fruits, vegetables, grains and other high-fiber foods have been recorded to lead to colon cancer in the National Cancer Institute journal on their review of epidemiologic evidence on colon cancer. Other risk factors include low immunity due to organ transplant where immune suppressants are taken in order to accept the organ, rare medical syndromes and due to HIV which completely leaves the person susceptible to all kinds of major and minor diseases and illnesses. Exposure to steroids, oral contraceptives, tobacco products (smoke, smokeless), MOPP used as a palliative for lung and breast cancer leads to a risk of developing a herpes zoster infection later after treatment, chlornaphazine which leads to bladder cancer , diethylstilbestrol which is an estrogen medication, and other medications. The Lancet journal states the following risk factors, overweight, obesity, low fruit and vegetable intake, unsafe sex, use of contaminated syringes, smoking , alcohol use, physical inactivity, indoor smoke and solid fuel use, all leading majorly to lung, colorectal and breast cancers. The theoretical minimum risk exposure are down to zero for some of factors like alcohol use, unsafe sex, indoor smoke, use of solid fuel, contaminated syringes and smoking.  “A proportion of HPV infections that lead to cervix uteri cancer are transmitted through routes other than sexual contact.” – The Lancet What is interesting to see is that there is no convincing scientific evidence that mobilephone towers cause cancer as they produce non-ionising radiations which aren’t powerful enough to damage DNA and nor do e-cigarettes prove to be causative factor for cancer. The World Health Organization has stated that exposure to high levels of toxic inorganic arsenic leads to skin cancer after about five years of continuous exposure though drinking water and food. The current recommended limit of arsenic in drinking-water is 10 μg/L although the prescribed value varies with provisions. The simplest risk factors are age with the possibility of increase of cancer incidence in older ages, negative lifestyle choices like smoking, consumption of carcinogenic substance found in food products and alcohol use, overexposure to sun, physical inactivity and improper diet. Even though the cancer causing risk factors are due to both voluntary and involuntary exposures and cancer mortality can be reduced by seeking information, support and cancer health care by getting to know the true verified causes of cancer and not relying on myths about it.  

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