April 29, 2019
By: PathSOS Team

Cancer Statistics from around the World

Cancer incidence and mortality ratio is growing very fast across the globe. The reasons for this condition are complex but they reflect both aging and growth of population as well as changes in prevalence and the distribution of the risk factors. The International agency for research on cancer has made an estimation of cancer strikes across this vast geographic distance.

There has been an estimated 18.1 million new cancer cases and 9.6 million cancer deaths in 2018 alone excluding 1 million non-melanoma skin cancer cases and deaths. In both sexes combined lung cancer is the most diagnosed cancer with as many as 11.6 percent of the total cases and the leading cause of cancer deaths with a striking figure of 18.4 percent of the total cancer deaths, closely followed by female breast cancer 11.6 percent prostate cancer 7.1 percent and colorectal cancer close behind with 9.2 percent of the total cancer cases along with stomach cancer 8.2 percent and liver cancer 8.2 percent.

Among males, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths followed by liver cancer, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, and prostate cancer. Among females, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths however varying substantially across the country to country depending mostly on the economic development and growth of the country. Among the list of cervical cancer rank fourth for both incidence and mortality rates.

The death rates from cancer in the US have declined steadily over the past 25 years. As of 2016, the cancer death rate for men and women combined have decreased 27 percent since 1991. This descends translates to 1.5 percent per year and more than 2.6 million deaths avoided between 1991 and 2016.  A total of 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 deaths are expected to occur in the US in 2019.

More than 1.7 million cancer cases are expected to be detected in 2019, this estimate does not include any invasive cancer of any site except the urinary bladder nor does it include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer. A rough figure of 1660 deaths is expected to occur per day in the US itself solely.  Cancer is the second most widespread disease affecting millions of people each and every day exceeded only by heart disease. The incidence of cancer rises with age, most likely due to a build-up of risks for specific types of cancers that increase with age. Preventing or avoiding key risk factors can significantly reduce the burden of cancer