April 3, 2019
By: Dr. Amit Rana

Oral Cancer

Oral Cancer is illustrated as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and damage the tissues in the surrounding area of the oral cavity. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore that does not go away with ease. Oral cancer is found mostly in the lips, cheeks, on the floor of the hard and soft palate and in the throat (pharynx) it can be life-threatening to the patient if not detected and treated at an early stage.

The Symptoms of Oral Cancer are:

1)    Swelling in various parts of the mouth, lumps, or rough areas on the lips and other parts of the mouth.

2)    The growth of white and red patches in the mouth.

3)    Untimely bleeding in the mouth and other affected parts.

4)    Sudden numbness, loss of pain in any affected area of the mouth or face

5)    A feeling of something being held at the back of the throat.

6)    Difficulty in speaking, chewing, moving the jaw.

The people of age group between 41-60 years of age are mostly affected by oral cancer.

What causes Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer or mouth cancer is formed when cells in the mouth or lip changes in the DNA. A cell’s DNA contains information that tells the cell how to grow and thrive, the mutation changes tells the cells to keep on growing and dividing when healthy cells would die and thus cells keep on forming one after the other and forms lumps and thus mouth or oral cancer is formed. With the passage of time, they may spread to the head or neck and to other parts of the body and can cause more harm. Mouth cancers normally begin in the flat thin cells that line the lips and the inside of the mouth.

The risk factors that can increase the chances of having the mouth or oral cancers are:

1)    Usage of tobacco of any kind or flavor, smoking cigarettes, pipes or chewing any kind of tobacco.

2)    Heavy usage of alcohol.

3)    Exposing the lips to the sun’s rays.

4)    Sexually transmitted virus.

5)    A very weakened immune system.

Prevention of Oral Cancer

1)    Stop the usage of tobacco or don’t start at all: if tobacco use is a regular habit, then it needs to be stopped and if you don’t use tobacco then don’t start at all.

2)   Drink alcohol only in limited quantity if at all needed: excessive use of alcohol or alcoholic drinks can irritate the cells in the mouth making them vulnerable to oral cancer.

3)    Avoid sun exposure for your lips: protect the skin area on the lips from the sun by staying in the shade as much as possible, also try to wear broad hats or caps to protect the skin on the face.

4)    Do a regular checkup with your dentist: a regular visit to the dentist can prevent the formation of oral cancer in its earliest stage possible, thus avoiding lots of harm and health issues.

5)    Lips balms: always use lips balms of SPF 30 or greater as this helps protect the skin of the lips from the sun rays.