April 27, 2019
By: PathSOS Team

Artificial Intelligence In Pathology

How is AI changing radiology and pathology to reinforce healthcare delivery and improve patient outcomes?

Artificial Intelligence – the use of intelligent machines to figure and react like humans is already a part of our daily lives. Face recognition at passport control and voice recognition on virtual assistants like Alexa and Siri are already with us. Artificial intelligence and machine learning tools have the potential to analyze massive datasets and extract meaningful insights to reinforce patient outcomes, an ability that's proving helpful in radiology and pathology.

People might imagine that an automated artificial intelligence (AI) system for pathology that achieves a performance of 90 % outperforms pathologists. However, pathologists are using microscopes for a task that has complicated computations – something in which humans are not good at.

AI and machine learning have express great potential in supplementing and validating the work of clinicians, significantly within the complicated field of imaging analytics. Pathologists must meticulously assess medical pictures to diagnose patients, generally examining hundreds of tissue slides for traces of abnormalities.

Imagine you’re coughing up blood, and a chest scan reveals a suspicious mass in your lungs. An operating surgeon removes a little cylindrical sample from the potential tumor, and also the pathologist places terribly thin slices of the tissue on glass slides. Once preserving and splatter the tissue, the pathologist peers through a microscope and sees that the cells have the telltale signs of carcinoma. You begin treatment before the tumor spreads and grows.

And this can be how a pathologist may kill you: The professional doctor would simply have to be compelled to miss cancer. Or, more likely, misclassify the cells viewed on the slides as the wrong cancer subtype. Instead of getting targeted medical care that beats your cancer into remission, you receive conventional chemo that buys you a couple of additional months of life.

An artificially intelligent pathologist most likely wouldn’t make that mistake. Artificial-Intelligence (AI) systems can probably offer additional correct diagnoses than human pathologists, a minimum of on fairly rote diagnostic tasks. They may even pick up on subtle options that the best-trained human eyes might ne'er see.

With computational pathology and the application of artificial intelligence there is an opportunity to increase efficiencies, enable greater accuracy and precision, allowing pathologists to see things and access insights not previously available.