What is Prostate Cancer? | Types of Prostate Cancer - PathSOS
Prostate cancer is a serious and the second most frequent cause of male cancer-related deaths that affects thousands of men each year who are middle-aged or older. The disease is common in men older than age 50.
Prostate cancer is the malignancy of prostate cells growing out of control in prostate gland, a small walnut-sized gland present only in men, found in the pelvis below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It produces a prostate fluid that becomes part of semen. Once cancer reaches a certain size, the abnormal cells can metastasize to other parts of the body, like to the nearby lymph nodes and most often the bones.
The increased incidence of prostate cancer has led to remarkable changes in diagnosis and treatment over the past century.
Types of prostate cancer
It arises in the cells of a gland and roughly accounts for 95-99% of all prostate cancers. It is further of two types-
It develops in the acini cells and is a slowly progressive tumour with a long subclinical phase. Roughly 9 out of 10 adenocarcinomas are acinar.
Ductal carcinoma is the most frequent of the rare histologic subtypes of prostate carcinoma, accounting for 5% of total prostate carcinoma cases and occurring most often in elderly men.
More rarely, prostate cancer that comprises less than 0.1% originates in soft tissues of the prostate, which is called a sarcoma.
Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Neuroendocrine tumors are also referred to as carcinoids originate from specialized cells called neuroendocrine cells and are very rare and account for less than 5% of prostate cancers. These tumors are present in the neuroendocrine system, which is comprised of the nerve and gland cells responsible for making and releasing hormones into the bloodstream.
Small cell carcinoma
Prostate small cell carcinoma is another type of neuroendocrine cancer, however, they are made from small round cells and are more common than NETs. Small cell carcinoma is very aggressive and also does not induce a change in PSA levels. They comprise less than 1% of all prostate cancer cases.
How PathSOS can help you?
Many people feel reluctant and resistant to seek a cancer diagnosis second opinion. A cancer diagnosis second opinion could correct a misdiagnosis and provide better treatment options available.
If you have prostate cancer patient at home or are close to someone who does, knowing what to expect can help you cope. PathSOS can guide you to find out all about prostate cancer, including risk factors, symptoms, and how it is treated. Our experts review your medical records and diagnostic tests and render a comprehensive medical second opinion that includes the best treatment options and recommendations regarding future therapeutic considerations.
At PathSOS we strive to give the most accurate diagnosis that our patients can trust and doctors can have confidence in. Our guiding vision is giving cancer patients a better chance at cure by providing world-class 'online second opinion' service at home. We are the one of the leading cancer second opinion service in India.